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Biologic Width Adjacent to Loaded Implant with Machined and Rough Collars in the Dog Biologic Width Adjacent to Loaded Implant with Machined and Rough Collars in the Dog

Author(s):

David L. Cochran, DDS, PhD; Marcel Obrecht, SDIS; Klaus Weber, PhD, MDV, MS; Michel Dard, DDS, PhD; Dieter Bosshardt, PhD; Frank L. Higginbottom, DDS; Thomas G. Wilson Jr., DDS; Archie A. Jones, DDS

Date Added:

1/9/2015


Summary:

Dental implant surface technology has evolved from a relatively smooth machined implant surface for osseointegration to more roughened osteoconductive surfaces. Recent studies suggest that peri-implant soft tissue inflammation with progressive bone loss (ie peri-implantitis) is becoming a prevalent condition. One possibility that could explain sucha a finding is that more bacterial plaque forms on the roughened implant and abutment surfaces, which may result in the peri-implant inflammation if the soft tissues. This study compared 36 tissue-level implants with a machined transmucosal collar to 36 implants with a relatively roughened transmucosal surface in the dog. The results demonstrated that the connective tissue contact was similar between the two implant types but that the junctional epithelium and biologic width dimensions were greater around the implants with the machined collars...

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