Dental Education
Online Dental Education Dental education lectures and videos Online dental ce Dental education articles Expert dental educators Dental products education Dental Community
 
Dental Publication / Article Details

Mandibular Block Autografts for Alveolar Ridge Augmentation Mandibular Block Autografts for Alveolar Ridge Augmentation

Author(s):

Michael A Pikos, DDS

Date Added:

1/1/2005


Summary:

Reconstruction of alveolar ridge deficiencies requires bone augmentation before implant placement. Osseous defects occur as a result of trauma, prolonged edentulism, congenital anomalies, periodontal disease, and infection, and they often require hard and soft tissue reconstruction. Autogenous bone grafts have been used for many years for ridge augmentation and are still considered the gold standard for jaw reconstruction. The use of autogenous bone grafts with osseointegrated implants originally was discussed by Bra┬░nemark and colleagues, who often used the iliac crest as the donor site. Other external donor sites include calvarium, rib, and tibia. For repair of most localized alveolar defects, however, block bone grafts from the symphysis and ramus buccal shelf offer advantages over iliac crest grafts, including close proximity of donor and recipient sites, convenient surgical access, decreased donor site morbidity, and decreased cost.

This article reviews indications, limitations, presurgical evaluation, surgical protocol, and complications associated with mandibular block autografts harvested from the symphysis and ramus buccal shelf for alveolar ridge augmentation. The author draws from 14 years of experience with more than 500 mandibular block autografts.



Related Articles
The Mandibular Retromolar Area as a Donor Site in Maxillofacial Bone Grafting - Surgical Notes

The Mandibular Retromolar Area as a Donor Site in Maxillofacial Bone Grafting - Surgical Notes
The objective of this article is to review pertinent surgical notes related to the safe harvesting of corticocancellous bone blocks from the retromolar area using a trephine bur technique.

Author(s): Ali Fakhry, DMD, MS
View Article>>
Buccal Plate Regeneration with Immediate Postextraction Implant Placement and Restoration: Case Reports

Buccal Plate Regeneration with Immediate Postextraction Implant Placement and Restoration: Case Reports
In these reports, buccal bone plate regeneration was obtained through a flapless approach and immediate postextraction implant placement with a cancellous bone and collagen graft in the buccal gap.

Author(s): Alberto Maria Albiero, MD; Renato Benato, MD, DMD; Marco Degidi, MD, DDS
View Article>>
Immediate Implant Placement with GBR Using Alloplast

Immediate Implant Placement with GBR Using Alloplast
Presented here is a case report wherein guided bone regeneration was done simultaneously at the time of immediate implant placement to achieve a desirable outcome.

Author(s): Lanka Mahesh, BDS, MBA;Dr. Sagrika Shukla; Dr. Prashant Nanda; Dr. Manoj Eapen
View Article>>
Related Videos
Pre-Implant Ridge Bioengineering: The Bone Block Allograft Technique - Part 2 of 2 Premium Member Content

Pre-Implant Ridge Bioengineering: The Bone Block Allograft Technique - Part 2 of 2
Narrow ridge deficiencies can limit dental implant placement. As well, the pain and various complications associated with chin, ramus and hip bone block grafts for ridge augmentation purposes discourage many from pursuing this method of treatment. The 'bone block allograft technique' helps overcome narrow ridge limitations for dental implant placement as well as minimizing surgical post-op pain, risks and complications. This is an extremely versatile procedure which can be performed in the anterior and posterior sextants of both the maxillary and mandibular arches. The 'bone block allograft' technique helps overcome narrow ridge limitations for dental implant placement as well as minimizing surgical post-op pain, risks and complications. This is an extremely versatile procedure which can be performed in the anterior and posterior sextants of both the maxillary and mandibular arches.

Presented By:: Herbert Veisman, BSc, DDS, FRCD
Presentation Style: Video
Community Rating:
 
Watch Now>>
Alternative & New Tendencies for Alveolar Reconstruction in Modern Implant Dentistry Premium Member Content

Alternative & New Tendencies for Alveolar Reconstruction in Modern Implant Dentistry
Knowledge of bone biology and physiology are crucial for successful dento-alveolar reconstruction. The presentation will review the natural healing process of the bone and the sequence of events needed for proper regeneration. This process will then be discussed and compare with the present materials and technologies available in the market including alloplastics and allogenic materials. The role of the Stem Cells and rh-BMP2 will be exposed as part of these new trends in alveolar reconstruction for modern implant dentistry. Multiple cases will be presented demonstrating the versatility and outcomes in different clinical situations based on biological, bio-mechanics, and implant aesthetic needs.

Presented By:: Alejandro Vivas-Rojo, DDS, MS;Jesus A. Gomez, DDS
Presentation Style: Video
Community Rating:
 
Watch Now>>
Socket Seal Procedure Premium Member Content

Socket Seal Procedure
Socket seal in the maxillary anterior region.

Presented By:: Maurice Salama, DMD
Presentation Style: Video
Community Rating:
 
Watch Now>>
Related Courses
The Use of SonicWeld Ultrasonically Fabricated Barriers for Enhanced Outcomes in Guided Bone Regeneration Premium Member Content

The Use of SonicWeld Ultrasonically Fabricated Barriers for Enhanced Outcomes in Guided Bone Regeneration
This video will outline the basic science, clinical techniques and outcomes of the SonicWeld technique.

Presented By:: Kevin George Murphy, DDS, MS
Presentation Style: Online Self-Study Course
CE Hours: 1 CEU (Continuing Education Unit)
Watch Now>>
Extraction and Bone Grafting Techniques to Optimize Site Preservation Premium Member Content

Extraction and Bone Grafting Techniques to Optimize Site Preservation
Implant placement is dependent upon bone quantity and quality. The ideal opportunity for bone preservation exists at the time of tooth extraction. All too often this opportunity is lost. Extraction techniques will be demonstrated that not only preserve but augment the amount of alveolar bone. The importance of piezosurgery, atraumatic surgical technique, the use of bone grafts, resorbable membranes and growth factors will be elucidated.

Presented By:: Michael Sonick, DMD
Presentation Style: Online Self-Study Course
CE Hours: 1 CEU (Continuing Education Unit)
Watch Now>>
Protocols for Aesthetic Zone Management: From Maintenance to 3D Reconstruction Premium Member Content

Protocols for Aesthetic Zone Management: From Maintenance to 3D Reconstruction
Managing aesthetic zone with dental implants is one of the most challenging and demanding treatments in dentistry due to biological limitations. During the lecture the author will systematize how to face each different clinical situation, utilizing different autogenous tissues combined with a micro surgical approach, in order to have the best healing patterns and scar-less surgery.

Presented By:: Luis Lapa Bessa, DDS
Presentation Style: Online Self-Study Course
CE Hours: 1 CEU (Continuing Eduication Credit)
Watch Now>>
Download Now

Important!

To view this dental publication or article, you must be a registered user of Dental XP. If you are already a member, click here to login.

Registration is free and only takes several minutes. Dental XP will never spam you, or sell your information.

Join For Free







Contact Us | Privacy Policy | Terms of Use
©2019

Preferred Language: English Flag
Contact Us · Login · Register