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Dental Articles, Dental Publications, and Dental Journals

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Oral Soft Tissue Laser Ablative and Coagulative Efficiencies Spectra

Oral Soft Tissue Laser Ablative and Coagulative Efficiencies Spectra
The key to the success of soft tissue lasers is their ability to cut and coagulate the soft tissue at the same time. Present work is aimed to derive the wavelength-dependent differences in photo-thermal ablation and coagulation efficiencies for oral soft tissue pulsed dental Near-IR Diode, Mid-IR Erbium and IR CO2 lasers. Even though the soft tissue photothermal ablation has been extensively studied, there remains a discrepancy between (a) the widely proliferated notion about efficient Near-IR 800-1,100 nm laser ablation of the oral soft tissue, and (b) studies reporting the inefficient soft tissue Near-IR absorption/ablation. Indeed, the notions about “the key to the usefulness of the Nd:YAG is that this wavelength is highly absorbed in oral soft tissue”, and “all currently available dental laser instruments and their emission wavelengths have indications for use for incising, excising... oral soft tissue surgery”, contradict an observation illustrated here...

Author(s): Peter Vitruk, PhD
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The Management of Immediate Implant Placement to Optimize Aesthetic Outcome in the Anterior Maxilla

The Management of Immediate Implant Placement to Optimize Aesthetic Outcome in the Anterior Maxilla
Following tooth extraction the implant surgeon may select between various implant placement timing and loading protocols. Ideally these are to be determined prior to extraction, be it immediate, early, or late placement. Immediate implant placement even in the aesthetic zone is a literature supported treatment modality with success comparable to alternative placement protocols. Meticulous restorative treatment planning of a tooth destined for extraction is essential. Selecting the appropriate implant and techniques may preserve and ensure natural aesthetics. Utilizing the patient’s own tooth crown can better provisionalize the implant with a ‘walk out as you walk in’ result.

Author(s): Howard Gluckman, BDS, MChD;Jonathan Du Toit
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Immediate Placement of Dental Implants in the Esthetic Zone: A Systematic Review and Pooled Analysis

Immediate Placement of Dental Implants in the Esthetic Zone: A Systematic Review and Pooled Analysis
Research interest on immediate placement of dental implants has shifted from implant survival toward optimal preservation of soft and hard tissues. The aim of this study is to systematically assess the condition of implant survival, peri-implant hard and soft tissue changes, esthetic outcome, and patient satisfaction of immediately placed single- tooth implants in the esthetic zone. A pooled analysis was performed to identify factors associated with survival and peri-implant tissue changes after immediate implant placement. Immediate placement with immediate provisionalization of dental implants in the esthetic zone results in excellent short-term treatment outcome in terms of implant survival and minimal change of peri-implant soft and hard tissue dimensions.

Author(s): Kirsten W. Slagter; Laurens den Hartog; Nicolaas A. Bakker; Arjan Vissink; Henny J.A. Meijer; Gerry M. Raghoebar
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Diameter Selection of Implants Placed in Extraction Sockets: A New Approach

Diameter Selection of Implants Placed in Extraction Sockets: A New Approach
Implant placement in extraction sockets is considered a daunting challenge due to offering risks of bone remodeling and consequent gingival alterations. Objective: This study aims at proposing a protocol for selecting the diameter of upper anterior osseointegrated implants placed in extraction sockets. This protocol was based on the bucco-palatal dimension of the socket and allows a 3-mm gap to form between the implant and the outer surface of the buccal bone wall. Such gap must be filled with biomaterial or autograft so as to increase the predictability of long-term results.

Author(s): José Carlos Martins da Rosa, DDS, MS;Ariádene Cristina Pértile de Oliveira Rosa; Carlos Eduardo Fra ncischone; Bruno Salles Sotto-Maior
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Sinus Floor Elevation Via the Maxillary Premolar Extraction Socket With Immediate Implant Placement: A Case Series

Sinus Floor Elevation Via the Maxillary Premolar Extraction Socket With Immediate Implant Placement: A Case Series
When immediate implant placement is considered for teeth with close proximity to the sinus floor, apical extension of the osteotomy is significantly limited, and often a staged approach is used. Implant placement into fresh extraction sockets and sinus floor manipulation using bone-added osteotome sinus floor elevation with implant placement are techniques most often used independently or sequentially. In this care report, immediate implant placement with simultaneous osteotome sinus floor elevation is an advantageous combination of two successfully used techniques. This combined approach can significantly reduce the treatment time for implant therapy in teeth with close sinus proximity and provide the operator with the ability to place implants of desired length.

Author(s): Monish Bhola, DDS, MSD;Shilpa Kolhatkar; Tamika N. Thompson-Sloan
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