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Periodontics Articles
Smoking - A Risk Factor for Periodontal Disease (in Spanish)

Smoking - A Risk Factor for Periodontal Disease (in Spanish)
Tobacco is a major risk factor in the development and severity of periodontal disease, as well as in the response to periodontal therapy. It is essential that methods be employed to increase awareness of the adverse effects on the oral cavity directly related to smoking, specifically the relationship between the latter and its impact on periodontal tissue.

Author(s): Kia Juan Koushyar Partida, CD; Alinne Hernández Ayala, CD, MO
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Healing of Gingival Recessions Using a Collagen Membrane with a Demineralized Xenograft

Healing of Gingival Recessions Using a Collagen Membrane with a Demineralized Xenograft
A Randomized Controlled Clinical Trial

Author(s): Daniele Cardaropoli, DDS
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Periodontal Response to Early Uncovering, Autonomous Eruption, and Orthodontic Aligment of Palatally Impacted Maxillary Canines

Periodontal Response to Early Uncovering, Autonomous Eruption, and Orthodontic Aligment of Palatally Impacted Maxillary Canines
<b>Introduction:</b> The purpose of this study was to evaluate differences in periodontal status, root length, and visual assessment in patients with palatally impacted maxillary canines that were surgically exposed, allowed to erupt freely into the palate, and orthodontically aligned. <b>Methods: </b>Clinical examinations of the maxillary lateral incisors, canines, and adjacent premolars were performed on 16 patients with unilaterally impacted canines and 6 with bilaterally impacted canines treated…

Author(s): Vincent G. Kokich, Sr., DDS, MSD;Andrew Schmidt
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Dental Implants: Oral Hygiene and Maintenance

Dental Implants: Oral Hygiene and Maintenance
Proper monitoring and maintenance is essential to ensure the longevity of the dental implant and its associated restoration through a combination of appropriate professional care and effective patient oral hygiene. Gregori M Kurtzman and Lee H Silverstein explain the protocols for the dental team

Author(s): Lee H. Silverstein, DDS, MS, FACD, FICD;Gregori M. Kurtzman, DDS
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Periodontal Probing: Probe Tip Diameter

Periodontal Probing: Probe Tip Diameter
Background: Periodontal probing is one of the most common methods used in diagnosing periodontal disease. The purpose of this study was to determine the importance of the diameter of periodontal probing tips in diagnosing and evaluating periodontal disease. Methods: The literature discussing periodontal probe diameters in human, dog, and monkey studies was reviewed and compared. Tip diameters varied from 0.4 to over 1.0 mm in these studies. Probe advancement between the gingiva and the tooth is determined…

Author(s): Lee H. Silverstein, DDS, MS, FACD, FICD;Jerry J.Garnich
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Bacterial Penetration of Gingiva in the Adult Beagle Dog with Periodontitis

Bacterial Penetration of Gingiva in the Adult Beagle Dog with Periodontitis
Invasion of gingival tissues by bacteria is thought to be a major factor in development of periodontal lesions. Morphologic studies have revealed bacteria within the pocket epithelium, gingival connective tissues, alveolar bone, and oral epithelium. The current studies are intended to determine whether they are present in healthy and diseased tissues and to identify the microbial source. Five beagle dogs with naturally occurring periodontitis were fed a soft diet. Two quadrants of the dentition…

Author(s): Lee H. Silverstein, DDS, MS, FACD, FICD;G.S. Schuster, J.J. Garnick, B. Singh
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Clinical and Microbiological Effects of Local Tetracycline Irrigation on Periodontitis

Clinical and Microbiological Effects of Local Tetracycline Irrigation on Periodontitis
This investigation was conducted on seven individuals referred for treatment of moderate adult periodontitis. Twenty-eight sites with an average probing depth of 5.6 ± 0.9 mm were evaluated. One tooth per jaw quadrant was randomly assigned to receive one of the following treatments: (I) no treatment, i.e., control; (II) saline irrigation; (III) tetracycline irrigation and (IV) scaling and root planing (SC/RP). A plaque control program was instituted one week prior to the experimental period and reinforced…

Author(s): Lee H. Silverstein, DDS, MS, FACD, FICD;Nabil Bissada, M. Manouchehr-Pour, Henry Greenwell
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Periodontal Management of the Diabetic Patient

Periodontal Management of the Diabetic Patient
This article will discuss in detail the following: nature of diabetes mellitus; its incidence, etiology, and systemic effects; immune cell defects in diabetic patients relevant to increased periodontal disease expression; special considerations associated with diagnosis and treatment of periodontal disease in diabetic patients; and approaches to the management of diabetic emergencies in the dental office.

Author(s): Lee H. Silverstein, DDS, MS, FACD, FICD;Sidney H. Stein, Jason Mailhot
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