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Maintenance of Alveolar Ridge Dimensions Utilizing an Extracted Tooth Dentin Particulate Autograft and Platelet-Rich Fibrin: A Retrospective Radiographic Cone-Beam Computed Tomography Study

teeth xray


snjezana pohl

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Implant, Bone Grafting,
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This study utilized radiographic comparative analysis in order to evaluate dimensional ridge changes four months after tooth extraction and immediate grafting with mineralized dentin particulate autograft and chopped platelet-rich fibrin. Fifty-eight extraction sockets with up to 2mm of missing buccal bone in the coronal aspect compared to the lingual bone were included. Graft material was covered with either a platelet-rich fibrin membrane or collagen sponge with no effort to achieve primary closure. The dimensional changes of the ridge were assessed on cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) images acquired prior to extraction and four months later. The reduction in the buccal bone plate thickness 1 mm, 3 mm, and 5 mm below the buccal crest was −0.87 ± 0.84 mm, −0.60 ± 0.70 mm, and −0.41 ± 0.55 mm, respectively. The mean ridge width changes 1 mm, 3 mm, and 5 mm below the crest were −1.38 ± 1.24 mm, −0.82 ± 1.13 mm, and −0.43 ± 0.89 mm, respectively. The average mid-buccal bone height gain was +1.1%, while the mid-lingual height gain was 5.6%. A mineralized dentin autograft with platelet-rich fibrin is effective in preserving post-extraction alveolar ridge dimensions.